16 May 2014 mclpipeline 14-137
mclpipeline — a generic pipeline for generating and scrutinizing mcl clusterings.
mcl has acquired the ability to manipulate label input directly. This enables a very lightweight mechanism of generating clusterings by teaming up mcl with a lightweight parser. You might want to use this mechanism. Example invocations using the mcxdeblast BLAST parser are documented in the mcl manual.
mclpipeline [options] <file-name>
where <file-name> is either the name of the data input file, or its base name. In the latter case the --xi-dat option is required. In case mclpipeline is indeed used to control all stages from the data input file onwards, usage will often be like this:
mclpipeline can also be used to control shorter pipelines, i.e. in case the input matrix was already created or in case pre-assembled parts of the input matrix were already created. In this case, usage will often be like this:
It is possible to make mclpipeline output a large arrary of performance measures related to nodes and clusters in hyperlinked output by supplying the --fmt-fancy option. This can be useful if one wants to scrutinize a clustering in greater detail and navigate within the clustering. The output then includes listings of external nodes that are relevant/close to a given cluster, and vice versa, listings of external clusters that are relevant/close to a given node.
Generating this more intricate output requires the presence of the zoem macro processor. Refer to the SEE ALSO section and the clmformat manual for more information on zoem. By default zoem is not required, and the return result is a file where each line contains a clustering consisting of tab-separated labels.
If this program does not work as expected, please file a bug report with the developer and/or subscribe to mcl-devel as indicated on http://micans.org/mcl/. The problem will then be fixed.
The full list of pipeline options is given below. Start simple, and if you need some behaviour, try to see if there is an option that fits your needs. If you use a wrapper pipeline such as mclblastline, you can ignore the --parser and --parser-tag options as they are provided by the wrapper.
mclpipeline --parser=application (data parser) --parser-tag=str (parse option transporter)
[--whatif (do not execute)]
[--start-assemble (skip parse stage)]
[--start-mcl (skip earlier stages)]
[--start-format (skip earlier stages)]
[--prepare-mcl (do preparatory stages)]
[--help (summary of options)]
[--xi=suf (strip suf from input file)]
[--xo-dat=suf (attach suf to parse output)]
[--xo-ass=suf (attach suf to assembly output)]
[--xi-mcl=suf (use with --start-mcl)]
[--xo-mcl=suf (replace mcl output suffix)]
[--xa-mcl=str (append to mcl output suffix)]
[--xe-mcl=suf (append to mcl output)]
[--xo-fmt=suf (attach suf to clmformat output)]
[--ass-repeat=str (assembly repeat option)]
[--ass-nomap (ignore map file)]
[--ass-opt=val (assembly option transporter)]
[--mcl-te=num (#expansion threads)]
[--mcl-I=float (mcl inflation value)]
[--mcl-i=float (mcl initial inflation value)]
[--mcl-l=float (mcl initial loop length)]
[--mcl-c=float (mcl center value)]
[--mcl-pi=float (mcl pre-inflation value)]
[--mcl-scheme=i (mcl scheme index)]
[--mcl-o=fname (do not use)]
[--mcl-opt=val (mcl option transporter)]
[--fmt-lump-count=num (collect formatted output)]
[--fmt-opt val (clmformat option transporter)]
[--fmt-tab fname (use this tab file)]
[--fmt-notab (ignore tab file)]
mclpipeline encapsulates a sequence of programs to be run on some input data in order to obtain clusterings and formatted output representing the clusterings, while maintaining unique file names and file name ensembles corresponding with differently parametrized runs.
The script can behave in several ways. By default, the pipeline consists of the stages of parsing, assembly, clustering, and formatting. The parsing stage is to be represented by some parser script obeying the interface rules described below. The assembly stage is done by mcxassemble, the clustering stage is done by mcl, and the formatting stage is done by clmformat.
The script can also be put to simpler uses, e.g. letting the script take care of unique file names for differently parametrized mcl runs. In this case there is no need to specify either the parser or the data file, and subsequent invocations might look like this:
It is easiest if for each parser a wrapper script is written encapsulating the parser and mclpipeline. A mechanism is provided through which mclpipeline can recognize options that are meant to be passed to the parser. An example of such a wrapper script is the BLAST pipeline mclblastline that basically calls mclpipeline with the parameters --parser=mcxdeblast --parser-tag=blast. In this case the parser is mcxdeblast, and mclpipeline will pass any options of the forms --blast-foo and --blast-bar=zut to the parser (respectively as --foo and --bar=zut).
For a given data set the stages of parsing and assembling will often not need to be repeated, especially if there is a well established way of creating a matrix from the input data. In this case, usage will look like
Note that mclpipeline will store the output of those runs in unique file names derived from the parametrizations.
There are some options that affect the file names of intermediate results. In the above setup of repeated runs, if used in one run, they must be used in all runs, as mclpipeline uses them to compute the file names it needs. For the setup above, these options are --xi=suf, --xo-dat=suf, and --xo-ass=suf.
There are other ways of resuming the pipeline, and one must always take care that options starting with --xi-, --xo-, --xa, or --xe are repeated among preparatory and subsequent runs. These tags respectively mnemonize extension in, extension out, extension append, and extension extra.
Should one want to experiment with various ways of creating input matrices, then mclpipeline supplies options to create unique file names and file name ensembles corresponding with different setups and parametrizations. These are --xo-dat=suf for the parsing stage and --xo-ass=suf for the assembly stage. mclpipeline automatically generates unique file names for the cluster results, but it does not do so for the parse and assembly results.
Parser interface requirements
The parser should recognize its last argument as a file name or as the base name of a file. It should produce the files base.raw, base.hdr, and preferably base.tab and base.map, where the base name base is determined as described below.
mclpipeline will pass its last argument <file-name> to the parser. The parser should recognize the --xi-dat=suf and --xo-dat=suf options. If the first is present, it should try to strip <file-name> of the suffix specified in the value and use the result as the initial part of the base name for the files it constructs. If stripping does not succeed, it must interpret <file-name> as the base name and append the suffix in order to construct the name of the file it will try to read. If the --xo-dat=suf option is present, it must append the suffix specified in the value to the base part as described above. The result is then the full base name to which the raw, hdr, and other suffixes will be appended.
Parser interface examples
Output file names construction
The files of primary interest are the mcl output file and the formatted output produced by clmformat. The pipeline constructs a file name for the mcl output in which several parameters are encoded. The first part of the file name is either the base name for the assembly stage, or simply the name of the input file, depending on whether the option --xo-ass=suf was used or not.
A suffix encoding key-value pairs is appended. By default it has the form I..s., e.g. I20s2. The latter examples denotes primary inflation value 2.0 and scheme 2. The pipeline will automatically append several other mcl parameters if they are used. These correspond with the pipeline options --mcl-i=f, --mcl-l=i, --mcl-c=f, and --mcl-pi=f, which in turn correspond with the mcl options -i f, -l i, -c f, and -pi f. The order of appending is alphabetical with capitals preceding lowercase, so a full example is I25c30i35l2pi28s3.
Shows only what would be done without executing it. Hugely useful!
Skip the parse stage, assume the necessary files have been created in a previous run.
Do the parsing and assembly stage, then quit. Useful if you want to do multiple cluster runs for a given graph - use --start-mcl
Immediately start the mcl stage. Assume the necessary files have been created in a previous run.
This option can be used as --start-mcl=fname. In this case, no final file name argument need be given, and mcl will use fname as the file name for its input.
The difference with --start-mcl is that the latter will assume it is picking up the results of a previous run. The names of those results might include suffixes corresponding with the parse and assembly stage (cf. --xo-dat and --xo-ass). If you are not clear on this (and you should not be), exercise the --whatif option to be sure.
Immediately start the format stage. Assume the necessary files have been created in a previous run.
Print a terse summary of options.
In normal usage, this will strip the specified suffix from the data file to obtain the base name for further output. When used with --start-mcl=fname the same behaviour is applied to the mcl input file name specified in fname.
This suffix will be attached to the base name of the parse output. It can be used to distinguish between different parse parametrizations if this is applicable.
This suffix will be attached to the base name of the assembly output. It can be used to distinguish between different assembly parametrizations if this is applicable.
This suffix will be used instead of the suffix by default created by the pipeline.
This string will be appended to the suffix by default created by the pipeline.
This string will be appended as a single suffix to the output base name before mclpipeline appends its own suffix.
This suffix will be used instead of the suffix by default used by the formatting stage.
Corresponds with the mcxassemble -r mode option. Refer to the mcxassemble manual.
Transfer -opt val to mcxassemble.
Either no map file is present or it should be ignored. For parsers that don't write map files.
The (main) inflation value mcl should use. This is the primary mcl option.
The scheme index to use. This options is also important. Refer to the mcl manual.
The number of threads mcl should use.
The initial inflation value mcl should use. Only for fine-tuning or testing.
The length of the loop in which initial inflation is applied. By default zero.
The center value. One may attempt to affect granularity by exercising this option, which controls the loop weights in the input matrix. Refer to the mcl manual.
Pre-inflation, another option which may possibly affect granularity by changing the input matrix. It makes the edge weight distribution either more or less homogeneous. Refer to the mcl manual.
Set the mcl output name.
Transfer -opt val to mcl.
This adds some simple performance measures to the dump file. For each cluster, five columns proceed the label listing. These are the cluster ID, the number of elements in the cluster, the projection (percentage of within-cluster edge weight relative to total outgoing edge weight), the efficiency of the cluster (which is the average of the efficiency of all its nodes), and the maximum efficiency (average of the max-efficiency of all the nodes). Look into the clmformat manual for more information on and references to the efficiency measures.
Creates extensive description of node/cluster and cluster/cluster relationships.
Collect clusters in the same file until the total number of nodes has exceeded num (in the formatted output). Only meaninful when --fmt-fancy is given.
Explicitly specify the tab file to use.
Either no tab file is present or it should be ignored. For parsers that don't write tab files.
Transfer -opt val to clm format.
Stijn van Dongen
mcxdeblast, mclblastline, and mclfamily for an overview of all the documentation and the utilities in the mcl family.
With default settings, mclpipeline depends on the presence of zoem. It can be obtained from http://micans.org/zoem/ .